How to Identify Acne?

If you have acne, you should be familiar with the terms used on acne products and by your dermatologist.

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin disorder that emerges when oil and dead skin cells clog your hair follicles, and it produces pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. We notice that teenagers are the most affected by acne, yet it affects people of all ages.

Although there are effective acne treatments available, acne may be stubborn. These pimples and bumps take a long time to cure, and as one starts to fade, another appears.

Acne can cause emotional distress and skin scarring, depending on its severity. The earlier you begin therapy, the lesser your chances of developing such issues.

What are the Symptoms of Acne?

Acne is characterized by:

  • Persistent, recurring red patches or swelling on the skin, commonly referred to as pimples; the swelling would become inflammatory and fill with pus. They are visible on the face, chest, shoulders, neck, and upper back.
  • Dark patches in the middle
  • Small white lumps beneath the skin with no visible opening (whiteheads)
  • Papules are red swellings or lumps that are filled with pus.
  • Inflamed, fluid-filled, and frequently sensitive nodules or lumps under the skin; these nodules can grow to be an inch wide.

1. Whitehead

Picking at whiteheads can result in additional whiteheads and acne scarring. Thus, experts advise treating them with acne therapy rather than picking at them.

Excess oil and dead skin cells pile up and clog a pore’s entrance, resulting in a whitehead. It results in a raised, white or flesh-colored lesion.

2. Blackhead

A closed comedo is a medical term that signifies “closed pore.”

Because squeezing a blackhead might create an infection or a permanent scar, dermatologists recommend treating this kind of acne with a retinoid.

Excess oil and dead skin cells pile up inside a pore, causing this form of acne to appear. As the accumulation builds, the pore entrance expands, resulting in a blackhead.

Why are blackheads so dark in color? Many people believe the black spot is dirt, which is incorrect. You’re witnessing a chemical process. The black hue occurs as the pore accumulates oxygen in the air, and it’s the same process that occurs when a cut-up apple turns brown.

The open foreign element is a medical term that implies “open pore.”

3. Pimple

Pimple is the common term for inflamed bumps or lesions on the skin.

If you have a few pimples, and acne product containing benzoyl peroxide, retinoid, or azelaic acid can frequently be effective in treating them.

Excess oil, dead skin cells, and germs can sometimes become stuck inside a pore. Excess oil enables germs that typically live on our skin to multiply fast. Inflammation (swelling) develops as the pore fills with germs, resulting in a pimple.

4. Acne Nodule or Cyst

A dermatologist can inject medicine into a severely painful acne cyst or nodule to relieve discomfort and speed up healing.

An acne nodule or cyst forms when a pore becomes clogged with enough excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria to induce inflammation (swelling) deep inside the skin. These breakouts can be uncomfortable or painful since they travel deep into the skin.

5. Papules

Comedones that become inflamed and develop little red or pink lumps on the skin are known as papules. Each pimple may be touch-sens, and picnicking or squeezing the area can aggravate the irritation and cause scars. If you have a lot of papules, you can have moderate to severe acne.

When to See a Doctor?

It is better to consult your primary care physician if self-care measures fail to clear your acne, and he can prescribe more powerful drugs. If your acne lasts long or becomes severe, you should seek medical attention from a dermatologist (dermatologist or pediatric dermatologist).

This issue can last a lifetime for many women, with flare-ups prevalent a week before menstruation. The people who use contraceptives, this type of acne usually goes away without treatment.

The sudden emergence of severe acne in elderly persons may indicate an underlying condition that requires medical treatment.

Some popular nonprescription acne treatments, cleansers, and other skin products, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), might trigger a significant response. It’s a very unusual reaction, so don’t mix it with redness, irritation, or itching in locations where you’ve applied drugs or treatments.


Acne symptoms are likely to strike you at some time in your life. Although a blemish or short outbreak before a special event might be upsetting, it should recover if you could consult the best skin specialist’s advice and avoid rubbing or squeezing the lesions.


1. Does acne feel hard?

Acne is a highly prevalent skin disorder that manifests itself in various ways. Hard pimples are a common side effect of several forms of acne, and they might be visible on top of or underneath the skin’s surface. Hard pimples form when dead skin cells, oil, and germs penetrate the skin’s surface.

2. How do you describe acne?

Acne is defined as a skin disorder that arises when oil and dead skin cells clog your hair follicles. It produces pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. It is observed that teenagers are the most affected by acne, yet it affects people of all ages. Although there are effective acne treatments available, acne may be stubborn.

3. Are pustules painful?

Pustules are easily recognized. They appear as tiny lumps on your skin’s surface. The bumps are often white or red, with a white center. The skin around the lump may be red and irritated, and it may be uncomfortable to touch.

5 1 vote
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments